Reading the amazing book “The Revenge of Geography” by Robert D. Kaplan is an eye-opener for the political implications, limits and possibility of Geopolitics on our planet:
1. The US and UK are natural sea powers with undisputed and safe homeland territories can therefore easily influence the world global commerce as well as the culture … especially the US with both sea access to Asia and Europe and dominating an entire continent
2. Landlock countries with no natural borders like Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Germany etc. are more prone to instability and expansionist behaviours than geographical defined countries like UK, Spain, Italy, France etc.
3. Russia as the biggest land power and bridge between Asia and Europe is cut off world trade and sea dominance by the lack of ice free harbors to it’s South. Based on Kaplans book in 2012, Putins move to secure the Crimea island and it’s Syrian navy facilities would have been foreseible.
4. China and India as fellow land powers with geographical define boarders but warm harbors are naturally increasing their naval and sea power capabilities to challenge the US
5. Middle East and Asian countries from Israel to North Korea are forming an unstable and volatile belt with never-ending hostilities, rocket and nuclear armament, and especially threaten US power and influence.
6. Besides its sea power, China is heavily investing in reviving the Silk Road to have a landlocked access to Europe without depending on Russia. Therefore China aims to dominate its East Asian Hemisphere, the East pacific and the direct trade route to Europe.